Freelancer, Let’s Try

Since I have been searching for a job during this summer break, I have decided to sign up for an account at Freelancer website. It blows my mind for what I have seen.  I found that this app is practically useful for me as a job seeker, but I am not sure whether I will be hired or not due to my limited work experience. This, however, is the first place to promote me and learn how the job is provided. There are various jobs related to my skills although it is fiercely competitive and the clients are from different status including students, small business owners, and some companies who would like to outsource the freelancers to work on their websites or projects. Most clients in my fields are students and small business owners. Before moving on, you can check my account here.


This is an example of bidding the project. Anyone can offer the lower price to work on the project and the client will decide to pick up one freelancer.

Basically, my expertise is  journalism and report writing and I used to be the freelancer for the newspaper in Cambodia, but not in Australia where I am living now.  From what I have observed, hundred of freelancing jobs are available but each freelancer has to bid for the project and sometimes he/she is approached by the client directly if he/she has a good reputation. Personally, this app is beneficial for a particular person who is good at promoting his/her work and expertise. However, most Cambodians are not aware of this app yet and I do not think there will be more clients from Cambodia soon since there are limited internet access and knowledge. According to Freelancewriting, there are pros and cons of being a freelancer, but for me, the pros appear to overweigh the cons.  The only problem to consider is whether I have a spare time to finish the task and get the benefit as my expectation or not. Hence, to become a successful freelancer, there are 13 points to consider. Three of which are starting from a small project, setting the price appropriately, don’t be so cheap and finding the specific skill you want to offer. I found these three important pieces of advice are practical for me and perhaps help me promote my skills to be a professional freelancer.


Have you ever produced any Podcast? If not, why don’t you  spend sometimes exploring this useful app? Technically, Podcast is all about sound, so you have to ensure that the sound quality is good when it comes to recording. Even though your Podcast content is exceptional if the sound quality is worse, no one listens to your Podcast. Today, I am sharing you my personal reflection on the processes of designing the website and this is the first podcast I have produced. Honestly, I am a bit embarrassed hearing my voice, but I have to give myself a try.






Peer Review

  1. Cyber Bullying 

The Cyber Bullying project is quite interesting. The content of the project has been synthesized and generated well. I really appreciate the hardworking of the group members. I could see that there are many interesting messages incorporating into the video to raise public awareness pertaining to cyber bullying. This indicates the precise information and the flow structure of the video, which can hold the audience’s attention. The video consists of the artistic design with funny and adorable cartoons, which to a certain degree attract the target audience known as the youth or young adult. The development of technology to produce the video is well-designed with the combination of social media platform to disseminate the message.

However, there are a few suggestions to improve the video. The opening image is unclear and they should have been enlarged to let the viewers see clearly what cyber bullying looks like on the Internet.


An example of the ECU to hook the audience at the beginning. The Photo was taken from this site.

I noticed that there are a few long shots of the person using social media, but the video producer missed to capture the close up shot of the content portraying cyber bullying. This can be an example or a clear explanation for the audience about what the Cyber Bullying is.

Another point is the transition from one scene to another is pretty fast. The producer should slow down the speed a bit allowing the audience to read and understand each text. The length and size of each text are also problematic. I would suggest shortening each sentence and if possible, randomly select only the most important message that related to the serious cyber problems happening in the society as CYD (2016) also recommends to keep the text short and precise. I found that there are so many texts in the video which can make the viewers tired and could not get the core message that the project members want to convey. An increase of the font size is needed for readers to see clearer. Overall, I am a fan of this video since it has provided me with new information and the ongoing social problems which have to be addressed and intervened.

  1. The One

The production design of the video has been developed strongly, which can make the video become really inspirational and attractive. The three aspects of the video including the use of technology, aesthetic, and the structure have been done effectively. The film was structured greatly, which can convey the clear message to the audience. I could see that the film producer puts strong efforts in shooting at different scenes in order to capture the public expression toward the protagonist who has a bad scar on her face. This requires lots of work to film on the street and of course, it is not an easy task to achieve.


The protagonist’s face having a scar should use as the hook at the beginning of the film. The photo was taken from this site.

Although there are many successes of the film, a few loopholes should be adjusted for the future improvement. The face of the protagonist having scar should be introduced earlier. I could not understand at first why some people along the street looked at the protagonist in a strange way since she was so pretty. Keeping the viewers in doubt is quite useful in some videos, but not really in this one. It is better to introduce the core problem, scar on the protagonist’s beautiful face, which lowers her self-esteem. As a viewer, I prefer knowing the issue at the beginning of the story. Another minor problem associated with the video is that there is so much information appearing on the screen. I would select three important message use as title: the problem, how people treat the protagonist, and how the protagonist overcomes. I understand that the film producer tried to insert the emotional message in the film, but it may be more effective to reduce the words and let the video illustrates or tell the story. This makes the audience easy to understand the protagonist’s feeling.


A positive message should be included. The photo was taken from this site.

Moreover, the end of the video should have improved by showing the confidence of the protagonist in going out and confronting the others’ bad treatment on her after she has had a boyfriend who supports her. I notice that her boyfriend has a scar on his face as well. This might make the viewers think that only a man who has the same scar can love the protagonist. I would prefer having a handsome man loving the protagonist showing the positive content at the end. This indicates that the protagonist has been treated and loved by the nice man without discrimination or hatred and the viral video may increase the number of viewers through sharing on social media. In short, I like the production design and the content of the video which can make me feel inspirational and optimistic after watching.


Stop Blaming the Victim

It is time to change your perception and to stop blaming the victim. Check out the video and what is on social media below.

The social media strategy of this project has been done via Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Youtube and Instagram.  Among those social media tools, Facebook is seen to be the most attractive place to discuss this common issue in Cambodia. For more details of the project, please visit this website. 


Just a few minutes, Cambodian friends start sharing their thought and views on this critical issue.

A Cambodian man tends to disagree with the video concept and another Cambodian woman stands out to voice her opinions.

To produce this infographic video for my project, I have experienced one major challenge in designing video concept to fit in the core message. Of course, video infographic is one of the most high-impact platforms to convey the message and it is also extremely difficult to create the interesting design. My team member and I have planned the storyboard, composition and finalising the script before designing the image and animation for the video, but the design was failed. My group has designed colorful and attractive infographic animation video, but the computer could not run the file, leading to the failure of uploading it into the Adobe After Effects. The pictures below are the examples of the original ideas, but my team and I had to change the concept and design due to the limited time left and capacity of the computer.

back-2-copy back-1-copy




The biggest challenge of designing the video concept has emerged again after the original idea was not successfully produced. According to Wirrienga 2016, there are 7 steps to produce the effective infographic animation video in order to communicate the data and message with the audience successfully. One of which is collecting visual inspiration, which can inspire the audience and convey the key points. After reviewing the visual images/data to be incorporated into the video, the concept of designing is structured.  The creation of infographic structure is like writing an essay consisting of introduction, body, and conclusion, but the most important information has to come first as the inverted pyramid with eye-catching font size and precise script, aiming to hold the audience’s attention. This sounds simple, yet quite demanding and time-consuming. One of the most heavies processes is to customize the infographic animation content. This means I have to change the font size, transition from one scene to another and the animation to ensure that the video can fulfill my target audience.

Searching for existing infographic videos that are relevant to the topic can be a clue to improve the infographic design. I admit that by looking at similar concept video produced with regard to violence against women allows me to absorb new knowledge and ideas to incorporate into my video. Although I watched many existing videos, the originality of my innovative design still remains and it can uphold the credibility and uniqueness of my video.

Feedbacks are the most presently useful too in my group. Based on my previous experience, I have also asked some of my friends to evaluate and feedback my draft infographic video. It is so effective by using this strategy, so I did it again on this project.  For instance, one of my friends, recommended me to slow down the speed of the video from one scene to another, and another friend of mine asked me to add more bright color to the animations. This clearly shows that more ideas are beneficial to enhance the quality of the video.


Before comments.


After comments.

From this experience, I will follow the basic rules of designing infographic animation video, be careful with technical issues, watch different existing videos aiming to generate more ideas and ask for feedbacks before finalising. These lesson learned are proved to be highly beneficial to enhance my next project.


1. The Abstract Edit

Working on abstract video is amusing yet it can enhance my production abilities and  editing skills. I used different effects and transitions to edit the video after self-exploration and getting some advice from the tutor and this tutorial. However, there are some challenges while working on this project. The image’s qualities were extremely poor. Some images were burnt and others become less distinct. I could not eliminate the discoloration because I operated camera inefficiently, resulting from incorrect white balance setting.


This blur and burning image was because of wrong white balance setting.

The carelessness of adjusting the camera focus also made almost all images become unclear and not sharp. Therefore, I spent a long time to select the footage and adjust the low-quality moving images.  From this lessons-learned, I will set white balance carefully and check the camera focus thoroughly.

The sound of the images is problematic. Some footage had no sound and others had high pitch sound. The reason is that the input sound was off and the level of sound recording was also unstable causing audio distortion. To deal with this issue, I can add audio into the image and use audio effects to control the sound level according to Adobe website. From this experience, I will always check external and internal sound buttons before shooting in order to avoid the repetitive problem.

With curiosity to explore editing techniques, I exercise my editing skills by using a variety of effects and transitions. During the first edition, I did wrong in using effects due to the fact that I could not endure editing lots of footage within one hour and I had no much experience editing before. To overcome this difficulty, I edited my video again by using many layers and adjusting the opacity, color and the speed of some shots.


In this shot, I reduced the speed of the image and adjusted the opacity to slow down the feed’s movement.

It was such a beneficial practical exercise that is called “learning by doing” although I was struggling at the beginning. The addition of transition on video enables me to explore the reality of how Adobe Premiere Pro works and it tends to train my brain quickly to remember the process of editing and using each effect and transition.

Music selection is important to match with the footage. I downloaded the free music from Youtube, which is in creative common archives.  I started playing with crossfade transition and adjusted the audio transition. Rather than using constant power transition, I used the pen tool to adjust the way I wanted to fade in and out the audio. It did work well and this becomes my new expertise and knowledge.

Overall, from the Expertise exercise, I learn lots more on how to operate the video camera and to explore the differences of video effects and transitions. This equips me with editing skills and allows me to practice these skills for the upcoming video.

2. The Expertise Edit

The Expertise exercise predominantly allows me to understand different types of camera shots and how to operate camera effectively. During the Expertise project, I have refreshed my brain and knowledge regarding video production after five years of suspending shooting video. I really enjoyed working on this project though I have faced with some difficulties, yet it is advantageous for my self-improvement.

From the editing experience, I would like to reflect on four main problems, one of which is framing the subject in different shots. Shooting with a variety of shots is extremely important. The difference of shots can demonstrate aspects of the characters, sets, and themes of the film. The success of my team working on Expertise project is that there is a combination of extreme long shot, long shot, medium shot, close up, and extreme close up, which reduces the workloads during editing. However, I found that there is a loophole to improve in my upcoming video production. I have noticed that all shots seem to be only half face of the protagonist. Therefore, next time I would move the camera to film the subject more closely and widely.


Another noticeable issue is sound quality. There was noise in the sound owing to the fact that I filmed in the class. I have not critically thought much about recording sound while shooting. Hence, when it comes to the editing process, the sound of the images is not usable. To deal with this type of problem, in the next project I will select a location that does not have too much distractive sound, yet a clear background sound. If there is an interview, I prefer to have a quiet place.

The position of camera angle is also crucial in video production. In my Expertise video, I have not filmed my character from different angles because I have not thought of it. After checking my footage, I realised that I should have done low or high camera angles to make my viewers understand the character’s relationship and make the video become attractive. This happens because I did not have a proper pre-production plan. This experience will remind me to think of various angles before shooting and to have a well-developed treatment.

Using effects and transition during editing is also problematic for me. While editing, I was trying to play with video effects and transitions. I used, for instance, color correction and blur and sharpen for video effects and 3 D motions, fade in and out, and flip over transitions. This has resulted in an unprofessional video and it looked distracted. I decided to remove those transitions and effects and edited my video as normal.

3. The Initiative

“Enemies of the People”, is the documentary film showing about the masterminds behind the mass killing during Khmer Rouge Regime in Cambodia directed by Thet Sambath and Rob Lemkin, has inspired me to find out more about how to produce the documentary film. With the journalism background, I believe that producing the documentary by using journalistic skills can address important issues, investigate the reality of the social issues, reveal the hidden information and inform audiences. Hewitt and Vazquez (2010) explains the four stages in producing the documentary film including  the beginning, preproduction, production, and postproduction.

Getting Started is the early stage to develop the idea, set the goal,  think critically about the characters and visualizing the story, seek collaboration and prepare proposal and budgets  The generating idea is essential to shape the angle of the topic and search for available resources and materials that are relevant to the topic.


Photo was taken from this website.

For instance, the producer has to do more research to understand
the topic precisely and look for accessible sources to interview. Wales (2015) also claims that research is beneficial to identify the central problem and clarify the accurate information of the topic, which can result in a high-quality documentary film. Energetic and enthusiastic characters who can hold the viewer’s attentions are pre-selected. The need for collaboration from relevant people is essential to ensure the smooth production and strong connection.  Planning proposal and budget are extremely important at this stage. Sometimes, the producer may need to do fund-raising, applying for the grant in case he/she does not have enough money.

Preproduction is generally perceived as a plan for shooting the documentary film. There are two basic plans at this stage including preparing for production and arranging interviews.  Production planning is consist of scheduling shooting, producing the storyboard, writing shooting script, hiring the director and passionate crews, arranging equipment and  dealing with legal issues. The number of crews can have strong impacts on the production. Sometimes, a small crew has been hired to produce the documentary film due to limited budgets.


Photo was taken from this website.

Planning interviews are required because the documentary film is about getting interviewees to talk about the problem and to show the conflict. The key interviewees have to be scheduled for the formal interview. Some interviewees might be more significant in the film to elaborate the  complex and controversial issue of the topic. Location selection with the right background for the interview also has to be done before the production starts. Wales (2015) added that in this stage, the production team has to coordinate the travel schedule for shooting and continue working on the editing script.

Production is the stage of gathering actual footage. The director has to ensure that the sound quality, light, and  the aesthetic cinematography are operated correctly and creatively based on the treatment. The documentary heavily relies on the sound from the interview, ambient sound, and natural sound. Having enough light can improve the footage while shooting that is why the director has to ensure that there is enough light.


Students pursuing Master of Media at RMIT were shooting Voxpop in front of the State Library.

To get the high-quality sequences, the cinematographer has translated the contextual vision of the director by paying attention to balance the composition, framing and to be innovative in producing artistic sequences. The director has to be critical for producing creative or aesthetic camera shots because it can take precedence over the editing stage. B-roll and cutaway shots can add information during narration or interview, which can explain the topic and increase the credibility. The significance of story conflict can build on the value in the documentary and the film has to retain the conflict otherwise, the documentary may become less interesting (Wales, 2015).

Postproduction is the important part for assembling all footage. Structuring documentary is essential when it comes into the postproduction. The storytelling has to be constructed into three parts including beginning, middle and end, and sometimes final thought might be included as well.  While editing the documentary, a mixture of different shots will be blended up and the script might be changed depending on the actual story after putting footages together in order to fit into a coherent film.


Photo taken from this website.

Music also can be incorporated into the documentary film aiming to enliven the story by suggesting emotion or mood.  According to The International School History, there are 8 styles of making documentary including the use of “exposition, actual footage, narration, oral history, archive material, reconstruction, music, and graphic”. Thus, the  filmmaker can use the combination of styles or just a few of them. In addition, many techniques are available for the filmmaker, two of which are no narration and personal point of view documentary film. After finish editing, the draft documentary might be screened to a specific group of people who can give constructive feedbacks before finalizing the whole documentary film.

Let’s take a look at my latest mini-documentary five years ago I have faced with many difficulties in terms of generating ideas and shooting video. I admitted that I did not plan well before shooting plus having some technical issues such as shooting without the tripod. As a result, my documentary has many shaky moving images and become unprofessional. Thus, the advice above will enable me to improve my existing skills and tap into my personal interest in producing the documentary film.


Hewitt, J & Vazquez, G. (2010). Documentary Filmmaking: A Contemporary Field Guide. Oxford University Press.

Wales, L. (2015). Complete Guide to Film and Digital Production. Focal Press

4. Prompts

According to Sound Design paper, the sound has been grouped into three categories including music, sounds, and speech. Speech has become appealing to me while reading. Narration and dialogue are the essential functions of the speech. The narration refers to a verbal and nonverbal means of communication and it has been classified into three types including direct, indirect, and contrapuntal.


The sound mixer, photo was taken from this website.

The indirect and contrapuntal narration have been commonly used in the film .The sound designers mostly use indirect narration to tell the story or actor’s activities without narration. This means the audience can understand the situation based on what they see on the screen without having narration. For instance, there is no narration when the actor opens the car door and walk into the theater. The Contrapuntal narration is the way the sound designer use the image in opposite to the narration in order to make a comparison. As an example, the narration is about African children do not have enough food where the video is showing lots of food wasted by western people. The sound designers have to  have inherent ability to distinguish sound differences in order to  produce the sound that provides listeners with cognitive and affective information. This lesson enables me to understand and identify sound particular how to use speech  for the next project.

“Directors are mostly aggressive” crew members have to understand this. This is unfair that is why there is a discussion of the role of the director and actor. What I do learn from Actor and The Director is that the significant relationship between actor and the director is to understand each other. Instead of giving an order to actors to perform as what the director wants, the director has to accept the actors’ ability, specialty and potentiality.


Production crews photo by Sean Hagen from Flickr:CC.

Some talented actors are able to perform perfectly though the director has not guided them. This means qualified actors can show their intelligence and to a certain degree can reduce the director’s workloads.  The most successful director is the one who understands actors intuitively. Another interesting point is that competent director retains the good working environment, inspire actors, acknowledge actors’ great achievement in performance. The Incompetent director will allow technical problems or his/her mood distract the working atmosphere and disrespect the actors. The director has to use infinite patience strategy and self-analytical approach to managing the production. The actors have to respect the director and do their roles aiming to successfully perform as what the audience wants. Personally, this kind of leadership has reflected the reality in the society not only in the production team. The leaders or the directors have to respect and appreciate their colleagues working under their supervision, leading to a remarkable triumph. The above points can immensely improve my understanding regarding the director and actor relationship, and hopefully, I can apply these strategies to my future career.

5. Lenny Production 

Team spirit has provided me with a great achievement in producing Lenny short film although it is not 100% perfect. My team has been working to support each other and this builds a strong sense of collaboration, leading to a great success despite minor problems. Let’s me share some experiences and challenges during Lenny project.    


My achievement in this stage is planning the storyboard and marking the script before starting the production. I have drawn a treatment for my production by considering different types of creative shots and angles, which includes close-up, medium shot, long shot, extreme close up. Planning key locations and characters in advance has also contributed to the success. I have thought of some locations nearby RMIT and I have divided three scenes based on the provided script allowing me to understand clearly how to manage each scene.  Besides, I have tested camera and sound recorder for making sure they work well and it made me more confident before camera rolling. Before starting production, my team has allocated specific task for everyone.


This photo was taken from this website.

However, there are some obstacles . My team did not discuss thoroughly with each other about the exact location and the film treatment before shooting. My team and I went immediately without thinking of finalizing the plan for the production project, where to shoot , what the prompt are, and what kind of shots should be captured. This has resulted in unclear shooting plan and a bit complicated when filming each scene. From this experience, for the next project, planning is the best solution to work effectively and efficiently and I would have a discussion before starting shooting although each member has planned the treatment individually. It is important to talk and clarify the plan before going out.


My team allocated tasks for each member clearly and each member including me had to rotate the role. Personally, the rotating role is more practical during this production since each member has a chance to perform different tasks and learn from each other.  During the production, I had a chance to be a sound recorder, camerawoman, assistance director (AD), the director. According to task allocation, I could fulfill my role to a certain extent. For example, when I was a sound recorder, I tested the sound button to ensure that it turned on and I checked the level of the sound volume to make sure it was in standard level. With regard to camera operation, I could frame the image well without too many mistakes and listened to the director and followed his comments for improvement. I applied the rule of production crews by respecting and doing my role without bothering or invading others’ task.


My team was shooting scene 1 for Lenny project at RMIT campus.

Although there were many positive results during the production, there were also a few minor mistakes and misunderstandings. The planned location was not chosen due to the construction work. It is unpredictable although I have checked the place one day before the shooting. The switching role is good for exercise but it might be disastrous in the real shooting. I was confused about my team member’s role because everyone kept rotating the role. For instance, the role of being an assistance director and the director have not clearly differentiated. I noticed that being an assistance director in my team was just saying camera roll and other tasks were guided by the director. This means I failed to perform as AD because I was perplexed and could not fulfill the task. From this experience, I would say having a specific and clear role for each member is recommended for the next project and each role has to be precisely explained before starting the production.



This is the way I organized sound and images for my Lenny project as well as other production projects.

At this stage, all footages have to be assembled and I would say my team has filmed many creative shots despite a few technical errors.  The process of editing is quite demanding if there are  poor-quality footages. During my Lenny project edition, I have followed the advice by creating the specific folder to organise all necessary files neatly. There are three important processes that I have achieved during the editing. Selecting footage is not time-consuming for me because most of the footage were usable. I created Bins for the three scenes, music, and sequences and then I started putting all the shots together based on the script. Using video transition could avoid jump-cuts in my video that was why I used a few film dissolve and cross dissolve to make my video goes smooth. I also used the pen tool to fade in and out the music and audio while editing.  With the experience from editing abstract video, I added the title of the film and behind the scene images, just to make the video more attractive.


Some wrong activities during shooting Lenny short film.

In spite of some successes during editing, there are some issues. Some audio of the footage were disrupted by the construction sound that was inevitable. I decided to mute the audio because of the noise and I used the music to integrate into the video instead. There were many shaky images which resulted from using the hand-held camera without the tripod.  In the camera screen, the video was not so shaky, but when I played it on the computer screen, it was.  Another critical issue is that my picture appeared as a reflection from the mirror in the footage. I have to pay more attention when shooting near the mirror from now on otherwise this problem will occur again. There was also no ending shot for my Lenny project as planned. The initial idea was that there should be a wide shot of Van walking out of the scene , but there was not because my team forgot to film.  As experienced, there should be a person noting down and checking every planned shot before finish shooting for the future project.

6. Find Your Scene

“Me Before You” is a romantic drama directed by Thea Sharrock and released in 2016.  The film is about the love story between a disabled banker and his caretaker. This film has blown my mind and made me almost in tear. Because of this, I would like to deconstruct one amazing scene that I have extracted from the movie. Overall, this scene was produced with greater efforts and the well-designed plan.

  • Shot Construction: the director used many cinematography techniques to create visual storytelling in the film. According to Timothy Heiderich, the basic of film composition and the creation of different shots can form the cohesive narrative about what is going on in the film without telling. From my perspective, this scene used the film composition and various shots greatly. The director and cameramen created the art of cinematography by taking a variety of shots including long, medium and close up shots to position the action. This scene construction enables viewers to become more engaging with the actors.

In this medium shot, the director blurred Will while  Louisa and another lady were talking about Will’s feeling to join his ex-girlfriend wedding.


This close up shot, Louisa was asking Will to go out and her facial expression showed her insistence.

  • Camera Movement: In this scene, cameramen and the director worked together effectively to use various type of camera movement and different angles. The cameraman filmed the movie from the high and low angle, using tracking, panning, tilting, zooming techniques, which followed  the basic camera movement. Those shots were just incredible, allowing the audience to interact with the scene.

Crane was used to filming this establishing shot by gradually moving the camera down to show the overview of the wedding and the actors.


In this long shot, while the two actors were walking into the ceremony, the cameraman was panning from the right to left across the stone gate.


Louisa sat on Will’s wheel and Will moved the chairs as the music was playing  and  the camera was moving along the two characters.

  • Production Design: The director has provided the audience with precise information in terms of illustrating the sets and visual style of the film concept. This mainly is about the use of color and mood in the film in order to create the aesthetic environment. In this scene, I would say the location was selected rigorously with a nice great campus and crowded people in the ceremony, which complied with the film concept. Wheels chair was designed to fit in the situation for the disabled protagonist. A mixture of brilliant color such as green, red, purple, and white in the scene has made the film become startlingly beautiful.

The big church was chosen to show the wedding ceremony and actors dressed colorful clothes.


The director captured the groom and bridge as the background, yet used the red color of a woman’s dress to make the shot become bright.


A well-planned shot in the scene, many audiences were cast and performed in the church to celebrate the wedding reception as the real one.

  • Performance: “what make a good performance?” there is a discussion between the instrument and the craft for the best performer. Instrument refers to the actor’s mind, body, voice, and emotion.  The craft is about the process of building actor to perform based on the script. There are 10 tips for improving performance in the film. Personally, the actors in this movie have demonstrated their professional performance based on the basic rules and guides. I truly appreciate the actors, who could make the audience laugh, smile, and cry with them. Louisa and Will are talented and have spontaneous performance, which makes them achieve a fabulous job in this scene. They used their emotional feelings to show the tone of the performance, which made the audience understand and some were in tear including me. This shows that the actors are highly skillful in performing tactics.

This close up shot shows the good feeling of Will accepting Louisa’s request, which made the audience feel happy too.



Digital Story Proposal

Have you ever heard about Digital Story? If not, you may spend a couple of minutes watching this video.

 “Tell your story and keep it short” said by Jerome Gratigny, is the advice for everyone to begin his/her digital story.  There are three types of digital story and it has been used as an effective communication and a  way of teaching/learning (France and Wakefield, 2011).  My team has chosen infographic video for the project to convey a message regarding stop blaming the victim. Let’s have a look at my project proposal before moving forward.


The process of creating HTML code for my  project called ” Stop Blaming the Victim”.

Before achieving this proposal, let’s me share you a few challenges that I have encountered. Researching topic, creating HTML for a page, and designing concept for marketing image are quite difficult, yet beneficial for my self-development.

I spent plenty of time searching reports and journals written on gender and violence against women issues. With too much information, I could not capture the most significant data/facts and shape my angle. To deal with this, breaking down the big topic and asking journalistic questions (5W+H) can help me speed up my research and it can help researchers narrow down the topic.  According to WikiHow (2016), classifying  and eliminating irrelevant facts enable researchers to save time  and compile needed information. Research is not easy, it does require skills and the ability to select important information otherwise you will waste lots of time on searching without reaching the real destination as me at the beginning. Although I managed to synthesize the main argument for my project, which was about combating social stigma against rape victims in Cambodia and Indonesia, it was still time-consuming. The above advice will be practically useful for me to adopt and adjust the way of searching my topic before starting in-depth research in the future.


Photo courtesy: Visual Library

Another problem is developing HTML for a page. I candidly admit that I know nothing about HTML. After working on Codecademy, I thought it is not difficult to create the page, but it demands strenuous efforts. In reality, HTML code is complicated especially when I want to incorporate images or videos within the text that requires exact height and width of the image.

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An example of  HTML  for my  digital story proposal.

My team member and I have been trying to find the existing HTML code of a specific website in order to change the code to fit in our project. This creative idea turns out to be time-consuming and even more confusing. Developing structure and composition of the text requires web-design skills and the ability to understand how HTML works.  Vara (2008) recommends understanding the basic programming code of HTML, which includes symbols and words.  The best solution is to remember the key elements of  HTML, such as order list, headline and paragraph code and to know the exact format of an image or video to be included.  My team  finally has decided to start producing the code from the scratch and used the recommendations above. From this lesson learned, I would not try to find a short-cut way to create HTML code anymore, I will try to improve my HTML coding skills and adjust my website to look more attractive and professional. To find out more about how to create HTML using Dreamweaver program, you may find the below website helpful.

Designing marketing image is quite demanding although my team member is so skillful.  My team and I have been searching for images related to stop blaming the rape victims. Some ideas have been generated from the existing promotional materials, yet the initial image of my digital proposal has to be developed. I have realized that my first marketing picture does not respond well to the core message of the project. To adjust the design, I have randomly picked up audiences in my school and asked them to give feedbacks. As a result, I have got more ideas to change my marketing image.


Before receiving comments from the audience.

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After incorporated comments from the audience.

To develop an attractive image, the message has to be condensed and clear addressed (Dean, 2013) and the content has to stay positive showing an inspiring or amused message that can boost viewers’ emotions (Banner, 2016). I guess the theory of “KISS”, which means keep it short and simple, can nail my designing issue.  Receiving feedbacks from the audience is also beneficial to test the design before finalising.  I have combined constructive advice plus my personal understandings to design the final marketing image for my project. I would say, considering feedbacks from other people, can enable either me or other designers to get more alternative and innovative ideas and I will use this strategy in producing infographic video for my final project.


Banner, M. (2016). Your Guide to Creating and Sharing Content. Retrieved from

Dean, B. (2013). 5 Steps to Create Compelling Content Through Infographics. Retrieved on from

France, D & Wakefield, K. (2011). How to Produce a Digital Story. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 35(4), 617-623.

Vara, V. (2008). How to Create a Successful Web Site For Nothing (or Almost Nothing)

WikiHow. (2016). How to research effectively. Retrieved on 20 August 2016 from

Reflective Writing


  1. Prompt – Reflect and Write 300 words

(Reflect, write about reflection prompted by the reading – ‘writing reflectively’ ­Briefly describe two points that you have taken from that reading. Points that excite you, something that was completely new to you.)

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There are two main points that I have learned from the papers. Reflective writing is a new knowledge I have acquired from the reading. The importance of writing critically is to reflect on what everyone has done or involved and it can substantially contribute to self-improvement. This type of writing is not about describing your activities or involvement in the special situation, but it requires a person to think thoroughly about what he/she has made and to find his/her loopholes and successes to improve and motivate his/herself. This type of writing might be out of the interest of some people even myself, who has never thought of using reflective writing to change the negative results or dissatisfactions. I have just realised that it is significant to observe or reflect on daily’s activities and it can be the possibility to make thing positively change. Writing reflective journal enables me to figure out my weaknesses or strengths that can help adjust methods or attitudes for a better performance, and this is a useful way for me to become more successful both academic study and future career. For this reason, I will use reflective writing journal to enhance my critical thinking skills and self-performance.

Another important point from the reading is making an assumption and it intrigues me. The concept of recognising assumption is quite abstract and unrealistic, yet it is beneficial to form an idea of what thing perhaps happen. This might lead to pre-assumed solutions or to develop strategies. With useful information from the assumption, people may be prepared to tackle any kinds of problems occurring and it might be an evidence or idea for reflection. It is surprising to learn that assumption can be considered as a key point for reflection. I rarely think of making an assumption about particular event or person, and I have never paid much attention for predicting the future. This can be my weakness that I need to change. Making an assumption possibly allows me to think strategically ahead before meeting someone or attending events. Thus, this immensely benefits self-reflection and provide me with some ideas in advance to be prepared for the upcoming or unprecedented events.

  1. Prompt – Goals and Desires – 300 words

In 300 words or less outline your goals, desires – what you want to get out of this semester. You will review this later in the course. You may rethink this dramatically – this is a good thing.

My main goal in this course is to analyse and manage media project effectively. The positive expectation is that my technical skills and ability to initiate attractive content for video will be improved after this course. Throughout the course, my technical skills in terms of shooting and editing video will become more advanced and able to produce high-quality videos. I believe that this course will enhance my existing production skills mainly on shooting video and recording sound.

As filming is my weakness and I have limited knowledge of media production. I strongly hope that this course will enable me to practice more in shooting and understand clearly about different kinds of techniques in order to capture interesting and creative shots.  The lecturer and tutor will train how to record perfect sound since it is my barrier. Editing skills are also important. Learning how to use the professional software program and the effective techniques to edit footages and sound can allow me to work more efficient in producing documentary or various videos.

Another expectation associated with this course is producing high-standard content. The significance of producing content for each video production can attract more audience and uphold audience’s trust, but it is quite challenging for me. Understanding the essential elements of producing high-quality content plays an important role to boost my confidence in designing content for video. My ability to initiate new and interesting ideas for producing video will be expanded and improved throughout the course. Thus, I believe that this course will teach me with a wide range of abilities to produce attractive content allowing me to work sufficiently the media industries.

  1. Prompt – Crew Roles – 300 words

Read through these Crew Roles for drama production then Developing a Crew and write about something that surprised and/or excited you.

I am fascinated in learning about the complexity of dividing production departments and responsibilities. Based on the structural task division, managing crews is incredibly difficult. To achieve one drama production, there are many works to deal with crew management and it has enlightened me how the distribution of workload among the crews is beneficial. Each crew’s role has to be allocated efficiently in order to ensure the smooth production and greater unity in the team. Among crew departments, post-production task allocation appears to be different from what I have known. For instance, the Foley artist, who is in charge of producing and recording sound effect to fit in different movements or visual object, has grabbed my attention. I have never heard about this position before and I have thought that sound effects are extracted from natural sound only and the sound manager will be responsible for it. This reading has explained me well and clear my doubt.

Developing a crew demands more efforts than what I have thought, and one of the most surprising information for me is crew selection with experience. My understanding is that the way of recruiting crews for drama production is different from choosing staff to work in a company. Despite undergoing many job requirements, all crews have to show their eternal preferences as well as their personal traits that have to suit the job environment and conditions. Most importantly, crews have to rehearse with other team members before officially being selected though they have experienced for many years. This is beyond what I have known so far. It seems to me that to become a member of the film production, each crew must obtain the high-quality standard of both personal attitudes and capabilities. This indicates that the job selection processes appear to be so tough and it demands all crews to show passionate commitment to handle the work as a team.

  1. Keyboard shortcuts.

Most applications reserve keyboard shortcuts for the functions that you use most often. It is really good to learn all of these as it will speed up your editing and additionally alert you to functions that the software developers and other users find important. (You can learn much about the software by looking at keyboard shortcuts). New wording (see email): Find the keyboard shortcuts for the film editing software you use and describe 2 or 3 functions (or more is encouraged) that you’ve never used before and describe why these functions will be invaluable to your editing.

I have never used Adobe Premiere Pro to edit the video before and I find out that many shortcut keys are useful for users. Personally, there are four important shortcuts to improve efficiency and to work on multitasks, one of which is Cmd+/. This shortcut key is to create Bin in the project. The Bin is similar to the folder, it helps users to organise files for editing neatly and efficiently. For instance, when I was working on expertise editing, I created Bin by using the shortcut to place my raw files including footage, music, and sequences. Without Bin, my files would be messy and disorganised, which may become a disaster if I want to find footages for editing.

The best way to import file is to use Cmd+I. Users cannot use Adobe Premiere Pro without importing files, and it is undeniable that using this shortcut is quite useful and easy, not to mention time saving.  Another vital shortcut key is Cmd+X. This tool is to cut the footage or music while users are editing. This shortcut will provide users with a convenient and fast editing because it is commonly used for cutting the usable footage from one place to another place while editing sequence. Last week, I used this shortcut to select only good footages for my expertise exercise and it was so quick for me to arrange the needed footages together.

Ripple Delete is extremely crucial for editing and its shortcut key is Shit+Forward Delete. Users do not have to waste time in connecting footages. Normally, when users split or trim the footage, there will be a gap between one footage and another. If users spend time to drag footage together, it is time-consuming and sometimes complicated. The best way is to use this shortcut or users can double click on the blank space between the two footages.

  1. Prompt – A scene – 400 words

Look at this scene from Martin Scorsese’s 1976 film Taxi Driver. In your own words talk about why you think the Scorsese has made the choices he has. This is not a test of your film knowledge we are just keen to get you to start deconstructing, analysing and reflecting. Attempt to write about the production design, camera work, the shots, the performances and the edit.

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One of the shot extracted from the scene in the film called “Taxi Driver”.

With regard to production design, the producer tends to work collaboratively with the team crews to design sets, to select location, and to choose actors and costumes. The production designer has displayed the constructive sets with photos and banners of Palantine and some messages, which allows audiences to assume the possible scenario of the film. Audiences are able to understand that the film might be relevant to politics.  Selecting the corner and see-through glasses building as the location is to enable the male protagonist to see the female character chatting with another man from the window that was why the male actor dared to approach the female character abruptly. The film producer appears to establish the well-organised location to link with the film message. In relation to selecting actors and costumes, the producer has made decision based on the script. The actress is beautiful, which reflects the written script and the taxi driver ‘s face and personality show the naughty character in the film. Costumes selection is prepared properly showing nice actors’ appearance to fit the script.

The producer has used many cameras to shoot this scene and integrated various shooting approaches to make the scene perfect. There are at least three camera operators filming from different angles and shots. The producer appears to use various techniques to make the film become more artistic by panning, tilting, and tracking the camera. The combination of wide shot, over shoulder medium shot and close up shot and keeping camera rolling during the conversation have made the film become more lively and sophisticated. This can show the advancement of technology and method to produce the movie and also provide audiences with different experiences of watching different shots.

The performance has done greatly and each actor is professional and well-trained. The protagonists competently perform their duties during the shooting with natural facial expression, eyes contact, and verbal language. The intention of producing the movie is to make the character’s act as real, and in this scene the producer has clearly proved that the three characters have remarkable ability to perform professionally.

The creativity of editing this scene has been done with considerable efforts. From one plot to another was linked smoothly and even illustrated the story behind. The sound was sharp and clear, which could explain the audience well about the ongoing discussion between the two actors. The music seems to be romantic and match with the scene in which the audiences can feel as they are acting. This can be the purpose of the producer to keep the audience awake and to create the pleasant environment in the film.